Mayfield

Extract from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England, 1831.
Transcribed by Mel Lockie, © Copyright 2010
Lewis Topographical Dictionaries

MAYFIELD, a parish in the southern division of the hundred of TOTMONSLOW, county of STAFFORD, comprising the chapelry of Butterton, and part of that of Calton, and the townships of Mayfield and Woodhouses, and containing 1435 inhabitants, of which number, 890 are in the township of Mayfield, 2 miles (S.W.) from Ashbourn. The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Stafford, and diocese of Lichfield and Coventry, rated in the king's books at £6. 6. 8., and in the patronage of William Greaves, Esq. The church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, is a handsome structure, having a lofty tower crowned with pinnacles, and bearing the date 1616. There is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists. On the banks of the Dove is an extensive cotton-factory, affording employment to upwards of two hundred persons.

The village comprises several handsome houses, cottages, &c., scattered among well wooded and picturesque scenery, the beauty of which, added to the fertility of the soil, induced the Romans to select it for a settlement, a fact fully evinced by the discovery of Roman coins, arms, and other relics in the neighbourhood. Within the parish are two barrows, termed Harlow and Rowloo; vestiges of an ancient paved road were discovered in digging in a morass; and traces of an old fortification, at a place called Clines. At Hallsteads are observable considerable remains of a large moated residence, approached by an ancient bridge in fine preservation, though much obscured by foliage and overhanging rocks. Mayfield is in the honour of Tutbury, duchy of Lancaster, and within the jurisdiction of a court of pleas held at Tutbury every third Tuesday, for the recovery of debts under 40s.

BUTTERTON, a chapelry in the parish of MAYFIELD, southern division of the hundred of TOTMONSLOW; county of STAFFORD, 6½ miles (E.) from Leek, containing 432 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy, in. the archdeaconry of Stafford, and diocese of Lichfield and Coventry, endowed with £400 royal bounty, and £,1400 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Vicar of Mayfield. William Mellor, in 1754, bequeathed property now producing £16 a year, for which twenty children are taught to read. Butterton is in the honour of Tutbury, duchy of Lancaster; and within the jurisdiction of a court of pleas held at Tutbury every third Tuesday, for the recovery of debts under 40s.

WOODHOUSES, a township in the parish of MAYFIELD, southern division of the hundred of TOTMONSLOW, county of STAFFORD, 4 miles (N.W. by W.) from Ashbourn, containing 26 inhabitants. It is in the honour of Tutbury, duchy of Lancaster, and within the jurisdiction of a court of pleas held at Tutbury every third Tuesday, for the recovery of debts under, 40s.

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