Bagshaw's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Derbyshire, 1846

Transcriptions by Paul Bradford and Rosemary Lockie, © Copyright 2001 & 2012

CALVER and ROWLAND.

CALVER, a township and tolerable village on the left bank of the river Derwent, and in the chapelry of Baslow, 2 miles N.W. from Baslow, and 4½ miles N.N.E. from Bakewell, from which places the road crosses the river by a modern stone bridge of three arches to Stoney Middleton, contains 720A 2R of land, 106 houses, and 573 inhabitants, of whom 258 were males and 315 females. Rateable value £1,274 5s. The Earl of Newburgh is lord of the manor, which is freehold, and principal owner. The land is chiefly grass, and free of great tithes; the small tithes are agreed for annually. This township is noted for its lime, of which a considerable quantity finds its way to the east as far as Chesterfield, also north-east to Sheffield. Here are six kilns, and the limestone cliffs tower to a considerable height above the valley. Here is also an extensive cotton mill on the Derwent, worked by a water power, consisting of two wheels of 22 feet diameter, of the united power of 140 horses which are considered the best constructed in the county, and the mill the most complete, being a modern erection, the property ot Messrs J. Unwin Heygate and Alfred C. Bentley, Esqs., who have handsome stone residences near the mills, and are now erecting gas works, of which the gasometer is 37 feet in diameter. The mills, with several adjoining houses, are called Calver Bridge. Calver Sough, a district at the cross of the Chesterfield and Chapel-en-le-Frith, and Sheffield and Bakewell roads, where is an Inn, the Eyre's Arms. The manor of Calver was given by Henry VIII. to Rowland Shakerley, and having passed to the Tracys, was conveyed to the Stratfords, and purchased in the reign of Queen Elizabeth by the Eyres of Hassop. Feast, first Sunday in August.

CHARITIES.- Rowland Eyre, amongst other charitable donations, as stated in an inscription in Great Longstone chapel, dated 1624, gave to the poor of Calver 20s. yearly, to be paid by Thomas Eyre, his son and heir.

The sum of 20s. is annually received from the steward of the Earl of Newburgh, by the overseer, who distributes it with 8s., the portion of Chapman's charity, received from the overseer of Baslow, amongst poor widows and others.

ROWLAND, a small township and village in the chapelry of Baslow, 3 miles N. from Bakewell, contains 350 acres of land, on limestone, and principally in grass, 17 houses, and 99 inhabitants, of whom 50 were males and 49 females. Rateable value £453. The Earl of Newburgh is lord of the manor, which is freehold, and principal owner, and has the great tithes; those for lamb and wool are paid by annual agreement. The village stands on an elevation, but sheltered on the north by greater heights. There is a school free for 12 children, to which the Earl of Newburgh pays £5 per annnm, in accordance with the will of his father. Feast, nearest Sunday to All Saints.

Transcribed by Rosemary Lockie in June 2012.

CALVER.

Those marked 1 reside at Calver Sough, 2 at Calver Bridge.

2  Bentley Alfred C. cotton spinner
2  Bradley John, millstone manufacturer
Bromley Mr William
Broomhead Cocker &Co. lime burners
Broomhead Thomas, lime merchant
Clarke John, painter and glazier
Cocker Robert, lime merchant
Frost Mary, school
2  Heygate and Bentley, cotton spinners and manufacturers
2  Heygate J. Unwin, cotton spinner
Kitchin Wm. jun. corn miller, Calver mill
Mather Esther, school
Mosley John, tailor
Mosley Joseph, butcher
Slack Job, chair maker
2  Timperley James, bookkeeper
Wallis Francis, currier

INNS AND TAVERNS
Bull's Head, Richard Frost
Devonshire Arms, Rebecca Frost
1  Eyre's Arms, Thomas Broomhead
2  Pack Horse, Samuel Glossop

BLACKSMITHS
Greaves James
2  Mosley John

BOOT & SHOEMAKERS
Cocker Robert, jun.
Sykes Joseph, and beerhouse
Fletcher Henry
FARMERS
Broomhead Hannah
Broomhead Mary
Froggatt Thos. Fold
Gregory John
Twigg Wm
White Samuel

GROCERS
Broomhead Thos.and Wm. and corn factors
2  White Milicent, and Son, and drapers
2  White Richard
SHOPKEEPERS
Frost Richard
Gregory John
Mitchell George

WHEELWRIGHTS
1  Froggatt George
Somerset John

ROWLAND.

Brightmore Francis, shoemaker
Brightmore Sarah, school
Hulley Jonathan, gardener

FARMERS
Ashton Ann
Bagshaw Henry, Rowdale
Barton Wm
Bland Benjamin
Fidler Thomas
Hallam Thomas
Hewitt Wm
Hudson Peter
Hulley John
Tissington James

Transcribed by Paul Bradford in April 2001.

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