The Staffords of Eyamby C. E. B. BOWLES, M.A.
This article was published originally in the Derbyshire Archaeological Society Journal, vol. 30, 1908; pp261-295.
This transcription by Rosemary Lockie © 2000-1
XI. - HUMPHRY STAFFORD, jun., evidently succeeded his father, as is shown in his brother's will, but could have enjoyed his possessions but a very short time. He married Lucy, the daughter of Edward Eyre, of Holme Hall, near Chesterfield. His grandmother had been a member of the same family, and thus he and his wife were second cousins once removed. His will has not been discovered, but as will be seen by that of his brother quoted below, he left all his estates to his wife in trust for his five daughters till the youngest reached the age of sixteen. His wife, however, did not live to complete the trust, but bequeathed it to her brother-in-law, Roland, who in his turn died, leaving the trust to his mother, who died three or four years afterwards, leaving, as will be seen in her will, four grandchildren, co-heiresses to the immense wealth - valued, says Wood, at one hundred thousand pounds - left by her son Humphry. The following are abstracts of the two wills alluded to:-
of Eyam, Co. Derby.
Dated 18 Oct: 1556.
Proved 16th January, 1556-7, at Lichfield.
To be buried in the Parish Church at Eyam. Whereas my late brother Humfrey Stafford, by his will, bequeathed to his late wife Luce, my sister in law, all his lands etc. which should descend to his five daughters, Ales, Gartered, Anne, Katryn and Dorytye, until the youngest attains sixteen.
Dated 5th June, 1560. Proved at Lichfield, 31st Aug., 1560.
To be buried in the Parish Church of Eyam. Out of her estate to be paid mortuary, and funeral expenses etc. Also “certain Debts for which John Harryson is bound to the Executors of my son Rowland Stafford, which my son dyd owe to the children of Raffe Blackwall”. “To John Savage my son a yoke of my best oxen”. Thirty wethers and 30 ewes are also left to him. To Alice Stafford, my daughter, my mare.
The legatees are numerous. Among them are John Haryson, Nycholas Woodruff and his wife, Sir John Nedham, John Syward, Robert and Katherine Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall and her daughter, William Merell (Meverell), Christopher and Joan Eyame, Raffe Chattesworth, John Wade, Joan Turner. To her other servants, Roger Dunne, Edmond and John Dam, and Humphry Woodruffe, two sheep are left, and her “redde petycotte” to the wife of Humphrey Merell. To John Haryson “ye Rente and ye reste of the yeares which be unsayte of the Grange called Abneye”. She leaves 20s. “for the Reparacion of the parryshe Church of Eame”, and she ends the will with the following:-
“I gyve to Thomas Savage and Robert Eyar eyther of them foure markes. The rest of all my Goodes moveable and unmoveable not bequeythed I geve them to my Chylden that ys to say Alice Stafforde Gertrudde Anne and Katheryne Stafford whom I make my lawfull Executors, And forasmuch as my chylden be younge and not able to take and occupye their goodes to their proffett I hartelye desyre Thomas Savage and Robert Eyar to take their goodes and keep hyt untyll thei sayd chyldren which Thomas and Robert I make supervysors of thys my laste wyll to see hytt executed and performed etc.”
The witnesses are John Nedham, curate, William Roland, Thos. Moslye, Philip Roland, and John Mylnes.
The debts she names as owing are: “To the executors of [Page 291] Raffe Blackwall xiili Thos Mosslye iiij stryke wheat”, and “These be ye dettes wch be owying to me Imprimis my Lord of Scroresburye for hay xijli John Wylkocson and Nycholas Wylson xxli”
“Admon to Richard Snape Rector of Morton for the use of Alice, Gertrude, Anne, and Catherine, daughters and heiresses of Humphry Stafford.”
It will be noticed that in the three yeas that had intervened between these two wills, Dorothy, the youngest daughter, had died, and Anne, the widow of Humphry Stafford, sen., had evidently had the care of her son Humphry's children since the death of their parents, for she. speaks of her grandchildren as though they were her own. They. must, too, have been quite. young, for Francis Bradshaw, the future husband of the third daughter, was at this date only five years old. Although she calls her eldest daughter Alice by her maiden name, she must have been already married, as she mentions her husband, John Savage, as her son. Thomas Savage, one of the supervisors of the will, was his father.
The four daughters of Humphry mentioned in the will were-
The third daughter, Anne, was married about 4th May, 1565, to Francis Bradshawe, eldest son and heir of Godfrey Bradshawe, of Bradshaw, co. Derby. As the bridegroom was born 17th February, 1555-6, he was at that date barely ten years old, and his bride was probably not as old. She was then in the wardship of Robert Eyre, of Edale, who had received her from the guardianship of George, Earl of Shrewsbury.
In 1568, a deed was executed to enable “Francis Bradshawe and his wife to peaceably enjoy a fourth part of the lands lately the inheritance of Humphrey Stafford”, and on the 10th September, 12 Elizabeth, 1569, an order was made by George, Earl of Shrewsbury, lord of the manor of Eyam, with respect to the lands which Francis had acquired with his wife. In The Reliquary, vol. x., p. 236, an account is quoted “from Francis [Page 293] Bradshaw of Eyam, gent., for £60 rec.d. from Rowland Eyre of Hassop, for his right in the Manor or Rowland, in the right of Anne Bradsha his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Humphrey Stafford, of Eyam, late deceased”, which said lordship was by part of the lands by John Manners, Esq. who was at that time High Sheriff. A Receipt for Anne's share, dated 20th April, 20 Elizabeth, and signed by Francis Bradshawe, is among the Hassop Deeds.
The lands allotted to Anne Bradshaw included the whole of the townships of Bretton and Foolow, which as it has been proved, can be traced back to the year 1400 as Stafford property, as well as many messuages and lands actually in Eyam, including the ancient mansion house situated on the slope of a hill just outside the village. This house was pulled down by her son and another erected, probably about the year 1630. A very interesting account of this old hall, written in 1861 by Mr. Peter Furness, appears in The Reliquary, vol. ii., p. 219, from which the above illustration is taken. He says “it was intended to be hung [Page 294] with tapestry, which came to the place but was never put up, and that an old man who was born in this part of the hall informed him that when a child he saw the tapestry lie in a heap in a corner of the chamber, where it rotted away”. Mr. Furness goes on to say that judging from the extent of the foundations, removed some years since, the hall of the Staffords must have been an extensive building. “The whole had a flat roof covered with lead. One room was said to have been very large, the beams ornamented with carvings of shields of arms, and a fine traceried window looking east. In the room was a large shovel board of massy oak.” The tradition that a very large establishment of servants was maintained by the Staffords is corroborated by a big baker's oven, destroyed some years ago; the slaughter-house, usually part of the outbuildings of a mansion house of any importance, however, being then in existence. Ann Stafford never left the hall of her forefathers, for there she and her husband took up their abode, and lived out their joint lives. When she died is unknown. She was, however, dead in 1606. Seven sons and four daughters were born to her, and of these Francis, the eldest, High Sheriff in 1630, began his married life at Bradshaw Hall, near Chapel-en-le-Frith, and died there in 1635. His brother George, however, his eventual heir, from whom is descended the present representative of the Stafford and Bradshaw families, lived for the greater portion of his married life at Eyam Hall, dying there in June 1646. The marriage of his eldest daughter is the first entry on that page of the Eyam registers which tells the pitiful tale of the first lives claimed by the plague, which drove his widow and her daughter out of Eyam in 1665. Mrs. Bradshawe then took refuge with her eldest son at Brampton, in Yorkshire, and from that time Eyam Hall ceased to be a residence of this family. In 1676 a member of the family of Wright if Longstone built the residence now known as “Eyam Hall”, on a portion of their own estate, and “Eyam Old Hall”, as it then became in legal documents, was left to its present solitary and mutilated existence.